Human Papillomavirus, HPV. Explanation and Prevention

HPV Vaccination
Vaccination for Human papillomavirus, HPV can prevent high-risk conditions like cervical cancer.

HPV stands for Human Papillomavirus, which is a common sexually transmitted disease, STD. 

There are almost 200 types of viruses classified as HPV. Some types of HPV can cause high-risk conditions like cervical cancer. 

Not only cervix cancer, but the HPV infection can also cause cancers in the penis, anal, vagina, vulva, and oropharynx. 

Low-risk HPV won’t be leading to any kinds of deadly conditions. Instead, these viral infections cause warts and skin infections around the genitals.   

Human papillomavirus is common in sexually active people; the virus is spread through anal, oral, and vaginal sex. 

Studies suggest that most sexually active men and women have a high probability of getting HPV at some point in their life. 

Penetration and other sexual contacts, including oral sex, can spread this viral infection. 

The Low-risk HPV won’t be deadly, but the condition that infects skin or genital warts can cause trouble in your sex life. 

The infection could go away on its own in most cases; however, it could take months or a couple of years to heal on its own. 

Pregnant women with HPV are more likely to give this viral infection in the newborn. 

What exactly causes HPV?

  1. If you have sexual relations with multiple partners.
  2. If your immunity power is low
  3. If you have skin damages like bruises, it could spread easily
  4. Touching warts or having skin-to-skin genital contact.
  5. Picking your warts can cause new warts in the body
  6. If you are a teenager or young adult who has just started to be sexually active
  7. Having any of the sexually transmitted infections
  8. Tobacco usage

Here’s how you can prevent HPV

People should be more aware and careful to take precautions against this viral infection. You can make several choices and avoid certain activities to prevent Human papillomavirus. 

As chances of HPV are high in teenagers and young adults who’ve just started to be sexually active, it is of absolute importance to get sex education and awareness on sexually transmitted diseases. 

  1. Use protection like a condom
  2. Avoid having sexual contact with multiple partners
  3. Avoid having skin-to-skin contact if the partner has genital warts or any STD
  4. Avoid the tobacco consumption
  5. Take HPV test if you suspect chances of the virus

Is HPV Vaccine effective?

There are HPV vaccines against the high-risk viruses which cause the pre-cancerous lesions of cervical cancers. 

These vaccines are approved by the World Health Organisation and proven to prevent HPV. 

There are three different vaccines for Human papillomavirus, which can protect you from type 16 and 18, the leading causes of cervical cancer. 

The vaccines can be taken from age nine and are normally taken in boys and girls aged 11 and 12. Moreover, it is better to take the vaccine as early as possible for better protection against the virus. 

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Dr. Karthik M