What is Bipolar Disorder? Causes, Symptoms, and treatments

Bipolar disorder is a condition that affects your brain, causing fluctuations in your mood and emotions. These sudden and temporary mood fluctuations can be sadness, irritability, anger, or happiness at its extreme. 

People with bipolar disorder can get angry over no apparent reason because of the mood episodes. You might also feel especially happy or depressed at other times. Mood episodes are the period where bipolar people experience intense emotions. 

Some days, people with bipolar disorder can be especially productive and energetic and on some other days feel really tired and unproductive.

It doesn’t mean that people with this brain disorder always have mood episodes and have unusual behaviours. On the contrary, they can live a simple and normal life.

The good news is that proper treatments and care could change the effect of this disease to a point where they can control emotions.  

If left untreated, bipolar disorder can make it harder to connect, communicate or lead a normal daily life. 

What exactly causes Bipolar disorder, and who does it affect the most? 

Usually, bipolar disorder is passed down from your family. If your parents or blood relatives ever suffered from bipolar disorder or depression, it raises the risk of the condition in you. 

However, you could also develop the disorder due to childhood trauma, or because of losing someone, or other mental health crisis. In most cases, genetics is the reason for bipolar disorder, and people are born with it. 

A highly imbalanced chemical function in the brain that controls certain brain functions acts differently, which causes Bipolar disorder. 

Studies suggest that men and women are almost equally affected by Bipolar disorder, so is the case of race. 

The highest point of bipolar disorder is the age of 20-40, whereas the condition typically starts affecting people aged 15-19.

Also, leaving the disorder untreated could create more and more mental health issues and damage in your daily life as you grow old. 

Here’s the list of symptoms or signs of the condition

  1. You feel extremely happy on some days
  2. If you get irritated for no particular reason and start a fight or get into arguments with people
  3. You are more energetic some days and do a lot of things
  4. You feel tired, weak, or find it extremely difficult to carry out daily tasks
  5. You have fewer hours of sleep because you are up to doing some things that interest you
  6. You are more confident in socializing and are talkative
  7. It is hard for you to concentrate on something or conversation, and you get distracted easily
  8. You make decisions that get you into trouble and do riskier things without thinking

Treatment for Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder cannot be cured entirely, but you can control the condition and live a happy, productive, and normal life with the right treatments. 

The basic treatment for Bipolar disorder is Psychotherapy. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, CBT can influence your thought and better equip you to get control of your actions.  

Medications of Bipolar disorder are primarily mood stabilizers to keep you calm and help you from extreme mood swings and manic feelings. 

Bipolar people are advised to follow therapy and medications all their life as it is not a curable condition but a disorder that needs to be kept in check. 

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