Seasonal affective disorder SAD

Causes, Symptoms and Preventive measures

As the name suggests, seasonal affective disorders are a mental condition that occurs during a particular season. SAD usually develops as sadness at the end of fall or at the beginning of winter. 

The SAD is a mood disorder and occurs at a particular season and goes away in the next. For instance, if you have a seasonal affective disorder in the winter, the condition can happen in the following winter. 

How do you fall from a healthy mental state to this mood disorder?

Usually, the condition appears during cold and cloudy seasons and vanishes in summer and spring when there is ample sunlight. So, one of the reasons for SAD is the lack of daylight. 

In rare cases, people might suffer from SAD during the spring and summer seasons. This is also a mood disorder called summer pattern SAD or summer depression. 

SAD is associated with and is directly linked to major depression. People suffering from bipolar disorder and depression have higher chances of getting SAD. The number of cases with seasonal affective disorders is increasing in young people, especially in women.

Symptoms of SAD that you shouldn’t ignore

Do you feel like you have mood swings or extreme sadness, tiredness or hopelessness during some particular seasons? Chances are high that you are suffering from Seasonal affective disorder. 

The symptoms of SAD are almost the same as Depression. It may vary for summer pattern SAD and winter pattern SAD. The symptoms and signs of Seasonal affective disorder are as follows: 

  • Extreme sadness
  • Hopelessness
  • Fatigue/ tiredness
  • Insomnia and oversleeping
  • Suicide tendency and even attempts for suicide
  • Feeling worthless
  • Frustration, irritation and anger
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Lack of enjoyment in activities that you previously enjoyed doing

In summer pattern SAD, symptoms are: 

  • Loss of appetite
  • Insomnia
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Angry outburst over small reasons
  • Weight loss

In winter pattern SAD, symptoms are: 

  • The unusual feeling of hunger and overeating
  • Oversleeping
  • Staying aloof from a social gathering
  • Weight gain

The best ways to prevent this mood disorder

People with SAD are at higher risk of suffering from mental disorders like anxiety disorder or hyperactive disorder. This makes it super important to prevent the condition. You can follow some daily routines to maintain healthy mental health. That is:

  • Do your workout
  • Choose a nutritious diet with fruits, nuts and veggies
  • Get sunlight every day
  • Eat food that is rich in Vitamin D.
  • Get 6-8 hours of sleep every day
  • Try to engage in healthy activities or learn new habits

Some small lifestyle changes can bring significant changes in your physical and mental health. 

If you’re feeling that your condition is getting out of hand, talk to your friends and family and seek professional help. Remember, mental health disorders are essential to be treated as much as any other diseases.