Borderline Personality Disorder: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Do you think that you feel too much about your self-image or identity? Are your relationships unstable, insecure and do you often feel like your emotions and moods are unpredictable? It could be because you suffer from Borderline Personality Disorder. 

Sensitive is the best word to define a person with Borderline Personality Disorder, BPD. For you, changes in your thoughts, goals, moods, emotions, relationships, and how you feel about yourself happen every day. 

The mood swings and altering emotions are too hard to control and often lead to reckless behaviours. For example, if you are angry, it would be at the extreme, and when you are sad, it could be to the extent of depression, and the same way when you’re happy, you can’t control the pleasure either. 

It is extremely difficult for a person with a borderline personality disorder to live a normal life. Your unpredictable behaviours and mood make it hard for you and the people around you, usually sabotaging your relationships and careers. 

We know that you wish to fight off this behaviour, but sometimes it feels impossible. However, you don’t need to panic; you can lead a normal, calm, and happy life with the proper treatments and therapy.

 Leaving the disorder untreated is the reason why people end up with a worsened level of BPD. But, regular treatment can help you control your thoughts and actions. 

What causes Borderline Personality Disorder? 

The root cause of borderline personality disorder can be traced back to traumatic experiences from childhood. Childhood trauma includes sexual abuse, abandonment, being neglected by a parent, dysfunctional families, and lack of emotional security. 

If any of your family members or relatives suffer from other mental conditions like bipolar disorder, it could increase the risk factor BPD in you. Also, sexual abuse, drug abuse, and traumatic events such as losing people close to you could lead to the development of the disorder in adults. 

How could you tell if you have a borderline personality disorder?

Extreme behaviours and reckless actions that make you regret later is a common symptom of BPD. The thoughts and actions that are typically associated with this personality disorder are: 

  • Your emotions alter immediately; it could change how you feel or value your relationship or how you feel about yourself.
  • You sometimes become angry and irritated over small issues and react to them poorly.
  • You sometimes experience intense emotions like being extremely happy or depressed.
  • It is hard for you to control your feelings, and the mood swings are quicker.
  • You tend to overvalue or undervalue your relationships.
  • Your relationships are highly unstable.
  • You often feel stressed, anxious and have panic attacks.
  • You feel depressed and regretful to the extent you get suicidal thoughts or end up hurting yourself.
  • You are suspicious or paranoid of other people’s actions and assume they are trying to leave you or plotting harm against you.
  • You try to avoid people or are afraid of people leaving you, in other words, the fear of abandonment.
  • Sometimes you feel a big void inside, emptiness and a lack of purpose.

These are the common symptoms or signs that suggest the possibility of borderline personality disorder, and if you think you suffer from the illness, please consult a psychologist and seek proper treatments. 

Treatment for BPD

People with personality disorders can also suffer other diseases simultaneously, like bipolar disorder, eating disorder, and anxiety disorder. So the treatment will be based on the understanding of whether or not you suffer from other related diseases. 

For severe cases, people with BPD will need to be hospitalized. For other patients, medications and talk therapy is provided to control their thoughts and have power over their mood, emotions, and paranoiac ideas. Talk therapy and medications can help you live a normal and calm life with better control over your actions. 

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