A simple guide to understanding Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder OCD

Here’s a quick look at Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder OCD.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, commonly called OCD, is a mental condition that occurs out of Obsession and Compulsion. It is an illness where people are obsessive over some thoughts and fears, which results in repetitive behaviours.

Obsession, the loop of thoughts and Compulsion, the repetitive behaviours

People with OCD have either Obsession or Compulsion and sometimes both. The excess thoughts and fear in people is an obsession, and the too much impulse for repeating certain activities is a compulsion. The repetitive behaviour is to relieve the anxiety and stress which would go on again and again.

Is OCD more prevalent in Women?

Studies of the World Health Organisation suggest that OCD is a leading mental illness associated with low income and life quality. About 2% of the world population suffer from the condition, it is more prevalent in women during adulthood, and childhood-onset OCD is higher in male children.

The handful of reasons why you are suffering from OCD

 Wondering what cause or triggered this illness? It can be hereditary and psychological reasons. Irregularity in the functions and structure of your brain can result in OCD. Childhood and some traumatic events in life can cause the development of Obsession and Compulsion in a person.

Understanding the condition

 This mental illness can be stressful for the person and make them more anxious over several different things.

 The signs and symptoms of Obsession
  •     Fear of touching unclean stuff
  •     Obsessive thought over the things you have handled on whether it is stained or infected
  •     Intrusive thoughts. Images of sex and violent contents pop up out of nowhere and continue as a loop
  •     Misconception about lifestyles, religion and sex
  •     The need for things to go on in a perfect and orderly manner
  •     Being hard on yourself and others
  •     Feeling ashamed over silly reasons
  •     Troubling or stressing yourself over past mistakes or even at the thought of making mistakes
  •     Anxious about maintaining an ideal or flawless order·    Fear of hurting other people or people close to you
The signs and symptoms of Compulsion are:
  •    Constantly checking everything you have done and the things are in the proper order
  •     You count to yourself
  •     Frequently washing your hands
  •     Cleaning your stuff often
  •     Sticking to your routine in an ideal manner and getting anxious if there are any changes in these habits
  •   Trouble adjusting to different atmospheres
  •     Collecting unwanted objects or the same objects again and again
  •     Spending hours in thoughts of doing things correctly and continuing it even after you realise you’re obsessive over it

If you notice that you are suffering from any of these obsessions and repetitive behaviours, consult a doctor or psychiatrist.

Are there any ways to control OCD?

There are some incredible ways to control Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. That is:

  •     Be aware of your condition. You don’t need to be ashamed of OCD. Know what the Disorder is and its symptoms, so you can keep track of how much progress you attained and whether or not you need help.
  •     Understand that most of your thoughts and fears are obsessive and controllable by your efforts.
  •     Engage yourself with calming and resourceful activities rather than spending time thinking or troubling yourself
  •     Be confident in what you do. When you convince yourself that everything is clean and done right, it will be easier to stop the repetitive habits.
  •     Try to control your compulsive behaviours. Control the need for checking things over and over again. Easier said than done, right? We know it. But you can try and try your best.
  •     Start quitting these compulsive behaviours one by one. It’s not possible to stop these orders all at once. But you can try to stop in slowly by changing small details in your actions.
  •     Most importantly, ask for help from your friends and family to overcome the Disorder.

Remember, if the obsessions and your behaviours are getting out of hand, seek professional support. The Yale-Brown test for OCD is one standard test that you can take online if you think you are suffering from the condition.