A simple guide to five most common digestive diseases and its causes

Digestive diseases can be caused by various reasons, including dehydration, a low fibre diet, or lack of physical movements.

The problem is many people do not realize the threat digestive diseases pose. The fact is you could die of digestive diseases, and more than 2 lakh people die every year due to these disorders. 

When your gastrointestinal(GI) tract, commonly referred to as the digestive tract, gets complications in its functions, it could cause digestive diseases, or it could be because of digestive disorders. 

The major role of the digestive tract is to digest foods, absorb the key nutrients, and defecate the waste; digestive diseases affect this normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. 

The primary symptoms of poor digestion are constipation, gas trouble, cramps in the stomach, bad-smelling gas, bloating, and indigestion. 

There are a lot of things you could do to prevent or relieve these digestive diseases. It basically requires you to bring changes in your daily habits. Eating fibre-rich foods like whole grain, fruits, and vegetables, drinking many fluids, and regular exercises will help you get better digestion. 

The 5 most common digestive diseases

Inflammation, constipation, lactose intolerance, and poor digestion after eating certain foods are the common characteristics of digestive diseases. 

Gastroesophageal reflux diseases

The condition that affects the lower esophageal sphincter is gastroesophageal reflux disease, in short, known as GERD. The lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is the ring between the esophagus and your stomach.

If you have frequent heartburn, it could be a sign that you have gastroesophageal reflux disease. For example, a burning sensation in your stomach after a meal. In that case, you should try to relieve the condition faster with home remedies, and if the disease still doesn’t ease, please consult a doctor and follow medication. 

Irritable Bowel syndrome 

The disorder that affects your intestine, mainly the large intestine, is irritable bowel syndrome. You will have constipation, bloating, diarrhoea or stomach ache. 

Irritable Bowel Syndrome IBS can be relieved by a high fibre diet, fluid intake, and other proper lifestyle changes.  

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

If you have a soreness or burning sensation after a meal or often, it could be Inflammatory bowel disease. As the name suggests, the condition is inflammation in your stomach. 

Major symptoms of IBD are abdominal pain, fever, bloating, nausea and diarrhoea. Lifestyle changes are the best thing you could do to relieve this disease. 


When the digestive fluid in the gallbladder gets stored up, it causes gallstones. In other words, the bile that builds up and hardens in the gallbladder becomes a stone, and that is gallstone. 

Severe gallstone issues need surgery to remove it; however, you could prevent and relieve asymptomatic gallstone through a healthy lifestyle. 


Swollen or soreness in the veins of your lower rectum is haemorrhoids. This condition is also known as piles. External Hemorrhoids are usually very painful; however, internal haemorrhoids can cause bleeding. 

Haemorrhoids can go away naturally if you bring proper changes to your life, like regular exercise, drinking more fluids. However, in extreme cases, piles need to be removed through surgery; it can create many complications if left untreated. 

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