Every woman might have suffered from menstrual abnormalities at some point in their life. Some of the irregularities are not considered harmful for women. Cramps or missing a cycle once in a while are very common among women, but other problems created due to eating disorders, obesity, and PCOS require instant attention and care.
Take a look at menstrual abnormalities.
Irregularities in menstruation include:
- Skipping menses cycle for 3 consecutive months
- Bleeding that lasts longer than 7 days
- The next cycle starting in less than 21 days
- Bleeding outside of periods like after sex or after menopause
- Excessive bleeding or too little bleeding
- Vomiting or nausea during menstruation
Wondering what causes these abnormalities?
Here’s the list of reasons that lead to menstrual irregularity:
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
PCOS is the hormonal imbalance in your body, leading to irregular menstruation and difficulty to conceive. This disease commonly occurs in women 18-40 years of age.
Endometriosis is a condition that occurs when the endometriosis tissue develops outside the uterus or sometimes in the intestines or other organs, leading to cramps, pain, and abnormal bleeding.
Premature ovarian insufficiency
Premature ovarian insufficiency is a condition of improper functioning of ovaries. It happens in women under 40, but the menstrual cycle will stop like in menopause.
Uterine Fibroids are the growth of tumors in the uterus walls. This noncancerous growth of the tumor is also known as Uterine polyps, leading to abnormal bleeding and pain during menstruation.
Pelvic Inflammatory disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease is commonly developed from sexual contact and then spreads to the genital tract and uterus. This bacterial infection affects a woman’s reproductive system and causes abnormal bleeding, pain, vaginal discharges, bad odor, fevers, and nausea.
The wrong lifestyle is a major cause of menstrual abnormality. It can be eating disorders, obesity, lack of nutrition, or physical inactiveness. It leads to abnormal bleeding, cramps, and pain.
Birth control pills
Intake of birth control pills can cause abnormalities in menstruation. It affects your periods differently, including not having menses for more than 3 months.
Medications can cause temporary abnormalities in menstruation, including irregular periods and excessive or too little bleeding.
Take a look at the types of abnormal menstruation.
It is one major type of menstrual abnormality which varies from woman to woman. The menstrual cramps will be severe in this condition. Dysmenorrhea is classified into two different types.
Primary Dysmenorrhea is the contraction of uterine muscles, usually occurs during adolescence. Psychological issues, smoking habits, and long periods with excessive bleeding will trigger the development of this condition.
Secondary Dysmenorrhea is the physical pain during menstruation that grows in you as you are ageing. It is caused by Endometriosis, ovarian cysts, and uterine fibroids.
It is a condition where the bleeding stops for more than 90 days. This condition occurs in young women who are not pregnant or breastfeeding. The stop of menstruation after the age of 45 or menopause is not Amenorrhea. Girls who had menstruation only after 15 years of age had an increased possibility of this abnormal absence of periods.
Oligomenorrhea is a condition where you only have periods rarely.
When should you consult a doctor?
Cramps, pain, and irregularities are common until the menstruation is not coming back to normalcy. Here’s the list of the situation in which you should consult the doctor immediately:
- Extreme pain or cramps
- Fever, nausea, and vomiting
- Vaginal discharge and bad odor
- Abnormally high bleeding
- Bleeding outside your menstruation
- Infrequent periods for more than 3 months
- Bleeding after menopause
- Bleeding after sexual intercourse
- Dizziness and fatigue
Here’s how you can prevent menstrual abnormality
- Exercise regularly but not intense or severe exercise
- Follow a healthy and nutritious diet filled with vegetables, fruits, and nuts.
- Drink enough water and don’t overdrink it
- Avoid overeating and do not starve yourself
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Monitor your body regularly
- Practice yoga and meditations
- Keep away all the stress and anxiety and stay positive.
- Reduce the intake of birth control pills if possible
Make sure to follow a healthy daily routine and stay positive. Menstrual abnormalities can be a symptom of cancer or can lead to reproductive issues. So it is important to prevent the condition. If you notice any of these menstrual abnormalities, please consult a doctor as soon as possible.